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eamo2747 asked:

I'm confused about what Beethoven was doing in the black composers post. He was German.

heckascootie:

tj:

runonsentencesaboutemotions:

cubbyzissou:

thepianogirl1:

unimaginableunimaginable:

deadcatwithaflamethrower:

whitepeoplestealingculture:

By golly gee! I keep forgetting that Black people didn’t exist until the Fresh Prince of Bel Air came on television! Or that Black people existed in anywhere else than Africa even with slavery going on :) My apologies.

Anyway, here’s proof that Beethoven was Black:

"… Said directly, Beethoven was a black man. Specifically, his mother was a Moor, that group of Muslim Northern Africans who conquered parts of Europe—making Spain their capital—for some 800 years.

In order to make such a substantial statement, presentation of verifiable evidence is compulsory. Let’s start with what some of Beethoven’s contemporaries and biographers say about his brown complexion:

Beethoven2

(Louis Letronne, Beethoven, 1814, pencil drawing.)

"Frederick Hertz, German anthropologist, used these terms to describe him: ‘Negroid traits, dark skin, flat, thick nose.’

Emil Ludwig, in his book ‘Beethoven,’ says: ‘His face reveals no trace of the German. He was so dark that people dubbed him Spagnol [dark-skinned].’

Fanny Giannatasio del Rio, in her book ‘An Unrequited Love: An Episode in the Life of Beethoven,’ wrote ‘His somewhat flat broad nose and rather wide mouth, his small piercing eyes and swarthy [dark] complexion, pockmarked into the bargain, gave him a strong resemblance to a mulatto.’

deathmaskdeathmask2
Beethoven’s death mask: profile and full face

C. Czerny stated, ‘His beard—he had not shaved for several days—made the lower part of his already brown face still darker.’

Following are one word descriptions of Beethoven from various writers: Grillparzer, ‘dark’; Bettina von Armin, ‘brown’; Schindler, ‘red and brown’; Rellstab, ‘brownish’; Gelinek, ‘short, dark.’

In Alexander Thayer’s Life of Beethoven, vol.1, p. 134,  the author states, “there is none of that obscurity which exalts one to write history as he would have it and not as it really was. The facts are too patent.” On this same page, he states that the German composer Franz Josef Haydn was referred to as a “Moor” by Prince Esterhazy, and Beethoven had “even more of the Moor in his looks.’ On p. 72, a Beethoven contemporary, Gottfried Fischer, describes him as round-nosed and of dark complexion. Also, he was called ‘der Spagnol’ (the Spaniard).

Other “patent” sources, of which there are many, include, but are not limited to, Beethoven by Maynard Solomon, p.78. He is described as having “thick, bristly coal-black hair” (in today’s parlance, we proudly call it ‘kinky’) and a ‘ruddy-complexioned face.’ In   Beethoven:  His Life and Times by Artes Orga, p.72, Beethoven’s pupil, Carl Czerny of the ‘School of Velocity’ fame, recalls that Beethoven’s ‘coal-black hair, cut a la Titus, stood up around his head [sounds almost like an Afro].  His black beard…darkened the lower part of his dark-complexioned face.’

  BeethovenCweb

Engraving by Blasius Hofel, Beethoven, 1814, color facsimile of engraving after a pencil drawing by Louis Letronne. This engraving was regarded in Beethoven’s circle as particularly lifelike. Beethoven himself thought highly of it, and gave several copies to his friends.

Beethoven, the Black Spaniard

(read more here)

They whitewashed BEETHOVEN?  O_O

Thank you, history/fact-checking Tumblr.

I now feel the need to go burn every white-skinned image of Beethoven I can find.

beethoven was totally black! how do people not know this?

jk because erasure

I have been playing Beethoven’s music for 10+ years now and had absolutely no idea he was black.
My life has been a lie.

OH MY GOD HOLY SHIT.

I HAVE A BACHELOR DEGREE IN MUSIC, MY MAJOR WAS “MUSIC HISTORY, THEORY, AND LITERATURE”

I TOOK MULTIPLE CLASSES SPECIFICALLY IN BEETHOVEN’S STRING QUARTETS AND MY SCHOOL HAD AN INTERNATIONAL BEETHOVEN SYMPOSIUM WHERE THERE WERE PAPERS ON THINGS LIKE THE KIND OF FUCKING PAAAAAAPER HE DID HIS MANUSCRIPTS ON, IN DIFFERENT CITIES, TO SEE WHERE AND WHEN HE WROTE SPECIFIC SNIPPETS OF MUSIC.

NEVER IN MY EDUCATION OR READINGS DID I EITHER

A) NOTICE THIS

B) WAS SPECIFICALLY TOLD THIS.

I think there’s a combination of systemic racism in this, and my own internalized racism. I have, in fact, read Maynard Solomon’s biography and didn’t pick up on this. I have read the Czerny sources as well. My Beethoven teacher (Bill Kinderman) is one of the top Beethoven scholars in the world, and I don’t remember hearing any of this from him.

I even did a semester of graduate work in musicology, specifically focusing on the Beethoven string quartets (I really fucking love those things) and we never spoke about this.

I cannot say I am in any way surprised at this. I am embarrassed, angry, and upset that this was erased from my DECADES of music education.

Which doesn’t surprise me at all, because classical music is very specifically in our culture for white people, especially men, especially upper class white men.

Oof, this one is going to take a while to fully fucking digest, I am in angry tears.

Holy shit. One of the greatest musical minds of all time and he got whitewashed.

The truth needs to be spread.

Johnny Carson voice: “I did not know that.”

This isn’t the first time that I’ve read on tumblr that Beethoven was black, but I feel compelled to reblog it now because casually scrolling past evidence of erasure and noting it is not enough. I’d love to see a documentary about this.

falling-in-love-with-fandoms:

banrions:

queerhawkeye:

queerhawkeye:

starkwolfs:

packmccall:

queerhawkeye:

stiles and allison getting the same black stripes as scott but allison gets them small around the finger that draws the bow’s string and stiles around the wrist of his writing hand (scott is the one that supports everyone’s weight in his arms, after all)

        

#derek gets two thick lines across his back beneath his triskele #to remind himself and the world that there’s such a thing as starting over #even if you can never quite managed to leave your past behind

#kira gets two verticle stripes on either side of her spine #to remind herself that she’s strong but she doesn’t always need to be because she’s found someplace she fits in#she’s found support #and also because she’s coming to terms with the fact that she’ll live 900 years or more and she doesn’t ever want to forget them

#erica gets them on her collarbone and refuses to do anything that goes all the way around because it’s restricting #and she can talk about how it draws attention to her chest but she wears it proudly when enemies come near #boyd gets one band around each of his forearms and tells no one about it but everyone smiles and is generally pleased #cora tattoos a circle within another circle on her shoulderblade and refuses to admit it has anything to do #with ‘mccall’s stupid tattoo’ #but he still smiles when he sees it

and you cannot tell me that on bad days # scotts hands would not idly reach for those bands on whoever was closest # he kisses the ones on allison’s hand # rubs his thumb across stiles and derek slowly dragging his nail in till it hurts to remind them # holding lydia in his arms # and nuzzling isaac # this is his pack # (via seekoutstarlight)

#adkfaldkf;ljadf;lk  #this makes me emotional  #but tell me where malia would get hers  #what about melissa and the sheriff? would they consider it?  #what about deaton? i consider him part of the pack not separate  #i just i care a lot about the pack and the pack caring about each other and a;kldfj  #send help  (via theeggcamefirst)

malia wants one the second she realizes everyone else has them, but she hesitates, not sure if she really is part of the pack in /that way/ or not. lydia catches her staring at the stripes on her ribs while they are swimming during the summer and just smiles, asking her where she is going to get hers, like it’s inevitable, and obvious. she decides to get two bands around the bottom of her thumb, so she can look down and see it whenever she wants. look down at her human hands and know she is a part of something. scott burns it into her skin, her other hand clasped with lydia’s, screaming out angrily at the shock of the pain, and stiles is crouched down so he can’t see, holding his own thumbs up to her and yelling that she is doing great, kira making sure he doesn’t pass out. when it’s done, malia looks around at all her friends and finally feels like she belongs to something, and she never questions her part in the pack again. 

liam would get them across his knuckles where all the fingers come together#the weakest and strongest part of the hands#depending on what your doing#anger can help#but it can hinder#just like punching things#the sheriff would complain he’s too old to get tattoos#but then he’d get it on his shoulder#over the scar from where the darach stabbed him#that scar is there because he didn’t believe in his son and scott#and he’ll never make that mistake again#and it’s where his strength lies when he shoots a gun#and where stiles’ head would rest when he would hold him as a baby#deaton would get two circles on his palms#his healing hands#the cradles of life#and of death#of his power#and his mercy#instruments of the wisdom that lies in his mind#melissa would get a circle within a circle over her heart#hard as iron and bright as golda#nd capable of boundless amounts of love#and strength#braeden would get black lines in between the scars across her neck#the scars are a scream to whoever looks at her that she would rise above death#and fight#and the lines are a scream to the entire world#that she has found something beyond herself to fight for#and you bet your ass derek can’t stop kissing them

lumos5001:

raptorific:

nonbinaryeldritchhorror:

raptorific:

beshabar:

raptorific:

storm-cloud-kitten:

the-gallium-knight:

birdsy-purplefishes:

raptorific:

The scientific method. Use. Use the scientific method. “We may never know.” Bologna. Use the scientific method.

They don’t have that. They have MAGIC.

Where there are patterns of cause and effect, the scientific method has insight. But if they’d started using it we’d all be aparating on fucking Mars by now.

The scientific method isn’t really a great way to determine “hmm how did this baby not die when all those other people did” because what are you gonna do to prove whatever your hypothesis is? Avada Kedavra at a bunch of babies whose parents love them very much? Good luck finding your test subjects, dude.

They could have done autopsies on the victims of the Avada Kedavra curse, compared to autopsies on people who died of natural causes, eventually isolating the true cause-of-death in the bodies of the victims, and then use this new understanding to create an effective counter-curse without anyone needing to sacrifice their life for their child.

The scientific method could also be used to isolate the composition of Phoenix tears, the process by which they spark perfect cellular regeneration, and then synthesize an artificial version with the same effects, essentially rendering all of medical science obsolete. 

The “can’t be done” and “we may never know” attitude of the wizarding world has seriously limited their ability to progress as a society.

look okay they’re still using medieval quills over pencils, I think cellular regeneration is still many innovations away in the wizarding world

Yeah but they could make all of those leaps in like a week if they used the scientific method. Bring in like, ten muggle scientists, get them to analyze the shit out of everything, then send them home with some extra spending money and fabricated memories of a science conference out-of-town

#ravenclaws.. #whaat a ravenclaw…

Don’t get it mixed up. I’m not just advocating science for the sake of better understanding. I’m a slytherin, so I’m looking for practical applications for the knowledge gained through use of the scientific method. 

For example, why is the wizarding world still effectively using carrier pigeons? Sirius Black demonstrated that instantaneous communication is possible via the floo network, so why not fill cigarette lighters with floo powder? This would not only be the wizarding equivalent of a cell phone, but would also allow streamline the process of creating entryways into the floo network.

There are people, like Tonks, who can rewrite their own genetic code with a thought. There are people, like McGonagall, who can completely change species and retain human cognition. There are potions, like Polyjuice, that rewrite your genetic code temporarily, replicating both a person’s nature and nurture. They’ve naturally perfected genetic engineering, but their understanding of how these processes work has left them completely unable to apply it practically.

For example, if they did a little bit of research and development, they could isolate the genes that allow for magical abilities, replicate the process by which Polyjuice Potion works, and synthesize a new potion that allows people like Filch, who were born squibs but desperately want to be wizards, to drink a little bit of potion every day so they’re able to use magic. 

Or, if they isolate the genes that allow Tonks and Teddy to rewrite their genetic code at will, as well as the process by which animagi are able to retain their human consciousness while in an animal body, they could easily create an effective treatment for lycanthropy that allows werewolves like Lupin to control the shift between man and wolf and retain control of themselves while in wolf form. 

Additionally, if they did research on what contagion causes lycanthropy, they would be so much closer to creating a vaccine that makes it significantly less communicable. 

i love when the harry potter fandom gets all sciency

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